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Deprenyl (Selegiline): past, present and future.

Knoll J.

Department of Pharmacology, 
Semmelweis University of Medicine, Budapest, Hungary.
Neurobiology (Bp) 2000;8(2):179-99

ABSTRACT

Deprenyl (Selegiline), the N-propargyl analogue of (-)methamphetamine, is the only drug in clinical case which, by enhancing the impulse propagation mediated release of noradrenaline and dopamine in the brain (catecholaminergic activity enhancer, CAE, effect), keeps in small doses without side-effects the catecholaminergic brain system on a higher activity level. (-)Deprenyl stimulates the catecholaminergic neurons selectively in the brain because, in contrast to PEA and the amphetamines which induce the continuous release of noradrenaline and dopamine from their intraneuronal stores, (-)deprenyl is devoid of this property. It is due to the CAE effect that a) the maintenance of rats on (-)deprenyl during the postdevelopmental phase of their life slows the age-related decline of sexual and learning performances and prolongs life significantly; b) patients with early, untreated Parkinson's disease maintained on (-)deprenyl need levodopa significantly later than their placebo-treated peers, and when on levodopa plus (-)deprenyl, they live significantly longer than patients on levodopa alone; and c) in patients with moderately severe impairment from Alzheimer's disease, treatment with (-)deprenyl slows the progression of the disease. It is reasonable to expect that a prophylactic low dose administration of a safe catecholaminergic activity enhancer substance during the postdevelopmental phase of life will slow the age-related decline of behavioral performances, delay natural death and decrease susceptibility to Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease.

  • Deprenyl  in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease
  • Deprenyl  MAO-B inhibitors in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease
  • Deprenyl  for Alzheimer's disease
  • Deprenyl  stimulates biosynthesis of cytokines interleukin-1 & 6
  • Deprenyl  and age-related decline of the striatal dopaminergic system
  • Deprenyl  improves memory in amnesic Alzheimer's patients
  • Deprenyl  treatment of behavioral symptoms of Alzheimer's disease
  • Deprenyl   increases life span in Parkinson's patients
  • Deprenyl   possible mechanisms of action in Parkinson's disease
  • Deprenyl   effect on arm movement in early Parkinson's
  • Deprenyl   effect on cognitive functions in early Parkinson's 
  • Deprenyl   possible mechanisms of action in Parkinson's
  • Deprenyl   depression in Parkinson's disease
  • Deprenyl   improves visuo-motor control in early Parkinsonism
  • Deprenyl   management of early Parkinson's disease
  • Deprenyl   delays the onset of disability in Parkinsonian patients
  • Deprenyl   and tocopherol antioxidative therapy of Parkinsonism
  • Deprenyl   treatment and death of nigral neurons in Parkinson's disease.
  • Deprenyl   rationale for deprenyl medication in Parkinson's disease
  • Deprenyl   and levodopa in Parkinson's disease
  • Deprenyl   is an MAO-B inhibitor
  • Deprenyl   facilitates neuronal growth without inhibiting monoamine oxidase
  • Deprenyl   pharmacology
  • Deprenyl   biochemical actions
  • Deprenyl   effect of MAO-B inhibitors on MPP+ toxicity
  • Deprenyl   the history of its development
  • Deprenyl   protects neurons against neurotoxins
  • Deprenyl   in neurodegenerative disorders
  • Deprenyl   enhances the release of dopamine
  • Deprenyl   plus L-phenylalanine in the treatment of depression
  • Deprenyl   in the treatment-resistant of older depressive patients
  • Deprenyl   effects in atypical depressives
  • Deprenyl   up-regulates superoxide dismutase and catalase
  • Deprenyl   immunostimulant
  • Deprenyl   pharmacology
  • Deprenyl   effect on rat longevity and sexual acitivity
  • Deprenyl   effects of experimental cocaine administration
  • Deprenyl   effects on longevity in animals
  • Deprenyl   effects on subjective ratings of cocaine-induced euphoria
  • Deprenyl   increases the life span in Fischer rats
  • Deprenyl   effects on short term memory in young and aged dogs
  • Deprenyl   the facilitation of dopaminergic activity in the aged brain
  • Deprenyl   fluoxetine (Prozac) and deprenyl
  • Deprenyl   improves cardiac sympathetic terminal function in heart failure
  • Deprenyl   effect on dopamine concentration in the striatum of a primate
  • Deprenyl   a review of the pharmacology
  • Deprenyl   restores IGF-1 levels to young levels
  • Deprenyl   prolongs life in elderly dogs
  • Deprenyl   past, present, and future
  • Deprenyl   relevance to humans
  • Deprenyl   responses of forebrain neurons to deprenyl
  • Deprenyl   protects neurons from glutamate toxicity
  • Deprenyl   nitric oxide production and dilation of cerebral blood vessels
  • Deprenyl   modulates the decline of the striatal dopaminergic system
  • Deprenyl   inhibits tumor growth in rats with mammary tumors
  • Deprenyl   a catecholaminergic activity enhancer in the brain
  • Deprenyl   releases coupling in the catecholaminergic neurons
  • Deprenyl   clinical potential in neurologic and psychiatric disorders
  • Deprenyl   protects human dopaminergic neuroblastoma cells
  • Deprenyl   nitric oxide production and dilation of cerebral blood vessels
  • Deprenyl   assessing the effects of deprenyl on longevity of animals
  • Deprenyl   effects on cocaine-induced euphoria
  • Deprenyl   effects on response to experimental cocaine administration  
  • Deprenyl   Are metabolites of deprenyl useful or harmful?
  • Deprenyl   is devoid of amphetamine-like effects
  • Deprenyl   treated rats lived beyond the known maximum lifespan
  • Deprenyl   stimulates biosynthesis of cytokines interleukin-1 & 6
  • Deprenyl   pharmacological basis of the beneficial effects
  • Deprenyl   modulates the decline of the dopamineric system